Archives 2019

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Please see our related collaboration on this topic with our partner, Oceana, here.

This article was originally published on Medium.


Human trafficking is a crime of crimes.¹ It includes elements of document forgery, fraud, illegal border crossing, kidnapping, physical violence, slavery, and sexual assault. It is often, but not always, transnational in nature, involving the movement of bodies across invisible or physical borders. It is exploitative at its very core. Trafficking in persons is the fastest growing transnational criminal enterprise in the world, generating $150 billion US dollars yearly and enslaving an estimated 21.9 million people.²

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Have you ever wondered what the term ‘slavery’ means in 2019? ’Slavery’ is not an exaggeration, even in today’s context. In 2017, the International Labor Organization (ILO), the Walk Free Foundation, and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) estimated that more than 40 million people were trapped in modern slavery in various industries.1 Instead of focusing on seafood slavery; this post aims to address the wider context of modern slavery by discussing three features of modern slavery that are common across sectors and industries.